Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
Income Taxes

10. Income Taxes

New Tax Legislation

On December 22, 2017, the President of the United States signed into law the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. This legislation makes broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code, including, but not limited to: (i) reducing the U.S. federal statutory tax rate from 35% to 21%; (ii) eliminating the corporate alternative minimum tax (AMT) and changing how existing AMT credits can be realized; (iii) modifying the officer’s compensation limitation, and (iv) changing rules related to uses and limitations of net operating loss carryforwards created in tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. Specifically, the TCJA limits the amount the Company is able to deduct for net operating loss carryforwards generated in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017 to 80% of taxable income; however, these net operating loss carryforwards can be carried forward indefinitely.

We recognize the effects of changes in tax law, including the TCJA, in the period the law is enacted. Accordingly, the effects of the TCJA were recognized in the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017. Under the Act, our $60.6 million in federal net operating loss carryforwards generated as of June 30, 2018 will continue to be carried forward for 20 years and are expected to be available to fully offset taxable income earned in future tax years.

At June 30, 2018, we had not completed our accounting for the tax effects of the enactment of the TCJA; however in certain cases we have made a reasonable estimate of the effects of the TCJA. Our preliminary estimate of the effects of the TCJA, including the remeasurement of deferred tax assets and liabilities and the recognition of an income tax benefit related to AMT tax credit carryforwards, is subject to the finalization of management’s analysis related to certain matters, such as developing interpretations of the provisions of the TCJA and the filing of our tax returns. U.S. Treasury regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions interpreting the TCJA may require further adjustments and changes in our estimates. The final determination of the effects of the TCJA will be completed as additional information becomes available, but no later than one year from the enactment of the TCJA. In all cases, we will continue to make and refine our calculations as additional analysis is completed. In addition, our estimates may also be affected as we gain a more thorough understanding of the tax law. However, we do not expect this to have a material impact on our operating results or financial condition.

Income Taxes

We file income tax returns in the United States federal jurisdiction, as well as in various state jurisdictions. We did not record any current or deferred U.S. federal income tax provision or benefit during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 because we have experienced operating losses since inception. We have recognized a full valuation allowance related to our net deferred tax assets, including substantial net operating loss carryforwards. As of June 30, 2018, we had approximately $60.6 million of net operating loss carryforwards and amortizable expenses related to acquisitions that can be used to offset our income for federal and state tax purposes.